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and history repeats itself.

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
by Edward Gibbon

Gibbon's theory:
According to Gibbon, the Roman Empire succumbed to barbarian invasions because of a loss of civic virtue among its citizens. They had become lazy and soft, outsourcing their duties to defend their Empire to barbarian mercenaries, who then became so numerous and ingrained that they were then able to easily take over the Empire. Romans, he believed, had become effeminate, unwilling to live the military lifestyle.

"In the Roman Empire, the word barbarian meant anyone not a Roman citizen, which was applied chiefly to northern European tribes outside of the influence of Roman culture."

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_History_of_the_Decline_and_Fall_of_the_Roman_Empire

Here we go.


Pashmina Lalchandani
this is pashmina